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Amazon Tree Grape

Moraceae

The Amazon tree-grape, Pourouma cecropiaefolia Mart., of the household unit of measurement Moraceae, is the best-known of nearly fifty species of Pourouma inward Central America as well as tropical South America. It is known inward Brazil to a greater extent than often than non every bit puruma, cucura, imbauba mansa, imbauba-de-vinho, imbauba de cheiro; inward Bahia every bit tararanga preta as well as inward Manaus every bit mapati. In Republic of Colombia it is called puruma, caime, caimaron, caimaron silvestre, uva caimarona, camuirro, cucura, uva, sirpe, hiye or joyahiye. In Peru, it is only uvilla.

The tree resembles Cecropia spp., which are called imbauba inward Brazil. It reaches 23 to fifty ft (7-15 m) inward height. The bark is grayness as well as marked alongside foliage scars. The alternate leaves, on long petioles, are nearly circular but deeply fissure into obovate oblong-lanceolate lobes to 1 ft (30 cm) long. They are light-green on the upper surface, whitish or bluish-gray as well as velvety beneath; agreeably aromatic, similar wintergreen, when crushed. The unopened inflorescence is reddish-purple, densely coated alongside fine white hairs. The white manful individual as well as woman individual flowers are borne on split trees. Borne inward bunches of twenty or more, the fruit is grapelike except for its wintergreen odor. It is circular or round-ovate, commonly 3/8 to 3/4 inward (0.5-1 cm) wide, occasionally to 1 1/2 inward (4 cm). The pare is really stone oil to the touch, inedible but easily peeled; imperial when ripe. The pulp is white, mucilaginous, juicy; of subacid, really mild flavor; as well as encloses 1 conical seed alongside fibrous, grooved coat.

The tree grows wild inward the western exercise of Amazonas, Brazil, as well as side past times side areas of Republic of Ecuador as well as Peru. It is peculiarly abundant inward the vicinity of Iquitos. It has been cultivated since pre-Hispanic times past times the Indians of southwestern Republic of Colombia as well as is grown past times Indians as well as non Indians inward Brazil. Patino says that precisely about 1940 propagation was begun at the Estacion Agricola at Palmira, Colombia, as well as seeds as well as plants were given to the Estacion at Calima inward 1945. Some trees are beingness grown, too, at the Estacion Agricola de Armero. There is today renewed involvement inward encouraging cultivation.

The tree grows on high dry out nation at altitudes below 1,640 ft (500 m). It may endure dependent champaign to flooding every four or v years. It cannot stand upwards prolonged drought. The seeds convey short-term viability. If planted inward time, they may present 86% germination. Cuttings are hard to grow. Seedlings behaviour inward 1 to iii years later on setting out. There may endure ii crops per year. Some trees that convey been at to the lowest degree iii years inward the plantation convey yielded 110 lbs (50 kg). The fruit is eaten raw or made into wine.

The wood is light, coarse as well as non-durable. It is used alone for making charcoal.

Hardiness: Will non tolerate frost.

Growing Environment: Water ofttimes throughout the year. Trees volition stand upwards brusk periods of flood, but they are highly susceptible to drought.

Propagation: By seed, which liberate viability quickly. Seedlings may behaviour inward 1-3 years.

Uses: Fruits are eaten raw or made into wine.

Native Range: Native to pelting forests of Western Brazil, Ecuador, as well as Peru. The amazon tree grape has been locally cultivated for centuries inward this area.
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