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Apricot Prunus Armeniaca

Taxonomy

Apricot, Prunus armeniaca L., is a fellow member of the Rosaceae family, along amongst apple, pear, peach, in addition to other rock fruits. The apricot is constitute inwards the Prunophora subgenus inside Prunus along amongst plums. Hybrids betwixt plums in addition to apricots convey been produced late which are said to hold upward finer fruits than either parent. H5N1 "Plumcot" is 50% plum, 50% apricot; an "Aprium" is 75% apricot, 25% plum; in addition to the most pop hybrid, the "Pluot" is 75% plum, 25% apricot.

Cultivars
'Blenheim' (syn. 'Royal') is yesteryear far the major US cultivar, accounting for over 80% of production. Others include: 'Tilton' , 'Wenatchee Moorpark' , 'Perfection', 'Earlicot' , in addition to 'Autumn Royal'.

Origin, History Of Cultivation

The centre of sort of the apricot is northeastern China close the Russian edge (in the Great Wall area). From in that place it spread westward throughout fundamental Asia. Cultivation inwards China dates dorsum 3000 years. The Romans introduced apricots to Europe inwards 70-60 BC through Hellenic Republic in addition to Italy. Apricots likely moved to the US through English linguistic communication settlers on the East Coast, in addition to Castilian Missionaries inwards California. For much of their history of cultivation, apricots were grown from seedlings, in addition to few improved cultivars existed until the nineteenth century. Cultivars vary amidst countries, in addition to inwards Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, in addition to Syria, a neat bargain of the production is from seedling orchards. Cultivation inwards the USA was confined to frost-free sites along the Pacific gradient of California, due to early on blossom but relatively high chilling requirement, in addition to fungal illness problems inwards humid climates. Now, most of the production inwards California is inwards the San Joaquin valley.

Production

World (2004 FAO) - 2,685,486 MT or six billion pounds. Apricots are produced commercially inwards 63 countries on virtually 988,000 acres. Production has been stable over the terminal decade. Yields average 5980 lbs/acre, ranging from simply a few k pounds to over 15,000 lbs/acre inwards the or in addition to then European countries.


United States (2004 USDA) - 91,545 MT or 2201 meg lbs. Apricots convey been valued at $26-48 million/year over the terminal decade. Prices are relatively low, 19¢/lb, typical of prices over the terminal decade. Apricots are produced commercially inwards iii states (CA, WA, UT), amongst California accounting for 94% of the crop. In 2004, California had 17,000 bearing acres of apricots, producing virtually 11,000 lbs/acre, for a value of $29 million. The USA exported 31% of production inwards 2002, to a greater extent than oft than non equally dried fruit, amongst fresh fruit virtually 1/3 of exports. Exports convey doubled since 1988. No import information are available, but small-scale quantities of fresh fruit are imported from the southern hemisphere countries similar Republic of Chile inwards wintertime months.

Contribution To Diet

Most of the US crop is non sold fresh; drying in addition to canning are pop options for apricots since they are in addition to then perishable. Cultivars which retain their color in addition to flavour during drying similar ‘Royal' in addition to ‘Tilton' are best for this market. Dried apricots tin hold upward easily re-hydrated, in addition to are especially pop amongst backpackers. As amongst plums, drying concentrates all nutrients several-fold. Per capita consumption is solely 0.9 lb per year. In 2004, the usage was equally follows:

Canned in addition to juices - 23%
Fresh - 13%
Dried - 57%
Frozen - 5%


* Percent of recommended daily allowance ready yesteryear FDA, assuming a 154 lb manful mortal adult, 2700 calories per day.
Sumber http://dailyfruits.blogspot.com/

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