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Techniques Of Creative Thinking

 Creativity is ‘having the mightiness to create’ or ‘doing things differently.’ Creativity is an mightiness to generate novel ideas or concepts that are both innovative together with functional.  Generally inventiveness is viewed equally a special mental mightiness to solve hard problems (process) together with generate spectacular ideas (products). The physical care for of inventiveness oft leads to the creation of products that are novel together with valuable. Creativity demands imagination, mightiness to improvise, the courage to combine known factor or thing to do something new. Creativity is the key for achieving a improve measure of living.  Creativity volition brand together with go on one’s life interesting. Creativity tin give the sack live on developed through preparation (education) together with application. Creativity requires 6- interrelated resources such equally intellectual abilities, knowledge, styles of thinking, personality, motivation together with environment. Creativity shows a laid of human characteristics similar ‘inventiveness,’ ‘innovativeness,’  ‘productive thinking,’ ‘an human activity of discovery,’ ‘newness,’ ‘novelty,’ together with ‘originality.’  Creativity resembles thinking –out-of-box or reaching over the moon. Tony Buzan said that creativity is equally essential to your survival equally breathing. Berk (2002) defined inventiveness equally the mightiness to make piece of work that is original, but nonetheless appropriate together with useful. The source of inventiveness is both intrapersonal (cognition, personality) together with social factors that back upwards creativity.

“More inventiveness is the entirely way to brand tomorrow improve than today.” – Anon.

Definition

Richards (1985) defined inventiveness equally ‘the personal regain process, partially unconscious, which leads to novel together with relevant insights.’Creativity is the mightiness to generate novel ideas past times combining, changing or reapplying existing ideas. Creativity is possible inwards all areas of human activity including  the arts, sciences, at work, at play together with inwards all other areas of daily life. Creativity is the physical care for of sensing problems or gaps inwards information, forming ideas or hypotheses, testing together with modifying this hypothesis, together with communicating results.
                                      

Types of inventiveness (Boden,1998)

The combinational creativity involves novel combinations of familiar ideas.
The exploratory creativity involves the generation of novel ideas past times the exploration of structured concepts.
The transformational creativity involves the transformation of but about dimension of the construction then that a novel construction tin give the sack live on created.
Creativity may live on ii types such equally cognitive together with artistic creativity. Artistic inventiveness consists inwards the creation of artwork together with expressing one’s ideas together with emotions through diverse forms of art. Cognitive inventiveness is a affair of coming upwards amongst solutions to a practical or theoretical problem. The examples include creating a novel scientific theory or launching a innovative product.

Forms of creative discoveries

Koshland (2007), the old editor of Science, categorizes 3 forms of creative discoveries: charge, challenge together with withdraw chances discoveries. Charge discoveries solve problems that are quite obvious. Charge discoveries occur when someone “sees what everyone else has seen, together with thinks what no ane else has thought e.g. Einstein’s theory of relativity. Challenge discoveries occur from the accumulation of facts or concepts together with the discoverer perceives a novel concept or theory that pulls these together onto ane coherent whole e.g. Darwin’s theory of evolution. Chance discoveries occur when people receive got what Louis Pasteur called ‘the prepared mind’ e.g. regain of penicillin together with x-rays.

Origin of inventiveness (Jane Henry 1991)

Grace – inventiveness comes through divine inspiration.
Accident – inventiveness arises past times serendipitous practiced fortune.
Association – inventiveness occurs through the application of procedures from ane expanse to another.
Cognitive – inventiveness relies on normal cognitive processes such equally recognition, reasoning together with understanding.
Personality – inventiveness is something that nosotros are born with.

Factors contributing to creativity

A gift for associating thoughts together with feelings inwards odd combinations;
An mental attitude of playfulness, openness together with flexibility;
Knowledge of how the creative physical care for works;
Skill in using the tools of the trade;
Persistent effort to go on trying until the effect is satisfactory; together with
A favorable setting in which inventiveness tin give the sack respect gratis expression.

Creative attitude

Domain –relevant skills – includes talents together with competencies that are valuable for working inwards the domain. An instance of Michelangelo’s skills inwards shaping stone, developed when he lived amongst a rock cutter’s menage unit of measurement inwards the childhood.
Creativity –relevant processes – includes piece of work habits together with personality traits such equally John Irving’s habit of working 10-hours to write together with rewrite together with rewrite until he perfected his stories.
Intrinsic chore motivation or a deep curiosity together with fascination amongst the task – this aspect of inventiveness tin give the sack live on greatly influenced past times the social surroundings past times supporting autonomy, stimulating curiosity, encouraging fantasy together with providing challenge.

Qualities of creative people

  1. General tidings – powers of analyzing, synthesizing together with valuing; mightiness to shop together with recollect information.
  2. Highly self motivated – a high grade of autonomy, self sufficiency together with self-direction.
  3. Negative capability – the mightiness to concur many ideas oft contradictory.
  4. Curiosity – sustained curiosity together with keen powers of observation together with practiced listening skills.
  5. Independence of hear – marked independence inwards making judgments.
  6. Ambiversion – ambivert inwards grapheme (intro/extrovert combination)
  7. Wide interests – a wide gain of interests peculiarly the ones amongst creative dimension.

Intellectual characteristics of creative people

Fluency – is the mightiness to generate a large publish of different ideas rapidly.
Originality – is the mightiness of generating odd answers to questions, responses to province of affairs together with interpretation of events.
Flexibility – is the mightiness to displace from on frame of reference together with ane method of approach to another.
Tolerance of ambiguity – is the mightiness to live, perform together with live on comfortable amongst unclear situations, unfamiliar methods together with odd resources.
Playfulness together with humour are hallmarks of the highly creative people.

Technique for generating to a greater extent than ideas (fluency)

Bob Eberle (1971) developed the acronym SCAMPER for generating to a greater extent than ideas. Each missive of the alphabet represents a key discussion that stimulates the production of ideas.
S – substitute; C – combine; A – adapt; M – modify, magnify, minify; P – seat to other uses; E – eliminate; R – reverse, rearrange.

Personality characteristics of creative people

Strong piece of work motivation – they are positive, enthusiastic together with optimistic well-nigh the work/ work undertaken.
Independence together with autonomy – they are strongly self-disciplined , independent together with self-assertive inwards solving novel together with unfamiliar problems.
Nonconformity both intellectually together with personally is the cardinal feature of highly creative people.
High energy – they receive got greater motivation to piece of work on several projects at once.

Stages inwards the Creativity  process (Claxton, 1999)

There are iv steps inwards whatsoever creative process: preparation, incubation, illumination together with verification.
Preparation – it includes data gathering, talking to people well-nigh aspects problem, experimentation together with doodling. Louis Pasteur said that withdraw chances entirely favors the prepared mind.
Incubation – it appears to live on gestation catamenia inwards which the physical care for goes on subconsciously together with takes a different shape.
Illumination – it is the abrupt flash of agreement inwards which the solution appears inwards the mind.
Verification - the thought created must exceed the tests of validity, reality, utility, reliability, cost, fourth dimension together with credence inwards market.

Methods of  creative thinking 

Analogies - creative people usage resemblance inwards shape or part of viewing essentially ii different things.
Modelling - model is a primary type of anything (prototype), a pattern, a measure together with an example. An private tin give the sack interpret his experience into a model of the basis is through action. Modelling tin give the sack live on used for the identification of a problem.
Reframing – changing the frame inwards which a individual perceives events inwards companionship to alter the meaning. Reframing is ‘thinking well-nigh things differently’ or come across a novel shout for of stance o to choose other factors into consideration. It tin give the sack live on content reframing or context reframing.
Lateral thinking – tries to restructure the blueprint past times putting its parts together inwards different ways. It explores multiple possibilities together with approaches instead of pursuing a unmarried approach.  It is divergent thinking.
Critical thinking - encompasses a diverseness of cognitive skills such equally analysing, synthesizing, applying together with evaluating information. Both critical together with creative thinking are complementary. In productive work solving, ane tin give the sack creatively generate ideas together with critically evaluate ideas. The combination of critical together with creative thinking is considered ‘Good thinking.’ 
Synectics – is a technique that uses analogies together with metaphors inwards a systematic way to alter the frame of reference inwards which the work is perceived.
Forced associations – a publish of techniques construct upon the thought of the association of unlikely elements.
Random associations – the associative capabilities of the human hear are then slap-up that bringing ii randomly selected elements together, most people brand sense of them.
Matrices –a two-dimensional or three-dimensional matrix using work together with solution attributes equally its headings is a convenient tool for examining each intersections of column together with rows ane at a time.

Characteristics of creative thinking

 Creative people receive got the mightiness to brand remote associations betwixt ideas amongst divergent thinking. They are flexible inwards their thinking together with switching dorsum together with forth betwixt conventional together with unconventional ideation to generate master copy novel ideas that appropriate to the chore at hand. Creative people are really flexible inwards jumping from thought to idea. They are willing to choose risks.
Creative thinking is associative thinking. Creative thinking requires divergent thinking earlier convergent thinking.Creative thinking is thinking exterior the (negative thinking) box. Creative thinking is an active version of wishful thinking.Creativity tin give the sack live on improved through training.
The positive benefits of inventiveness include self-directed learning, self-expression, personal integrity, personal increase together with well-being. Creative thinking provides a sense of command over the external world.
         "On your creative journey, you lot move through the hearts of your audience."

Key facts of neuroscience inquiry on the human activity of creation

1. Instinct plays a leading role inwards complex determination making.
2. Eighty percentage of our grayness affair is dedicated to unconscious thought.
3. Imaginative play is ane of the most straight way of activating our inventiveness together with work solving abilities.


Quotes on creativity

"Creativity is thinking upwards novel things.Innovation is doing novel things." -Theodore Levitt.

"Creativity is allowing yourself to brand mistakes.Art is knowing which ones to keep."
 -Scott Adams.

"Creativity is inventing, experimenting, growing, taking risks, breaking rules
 and having fun." -Mary Lou Cook.

"Creativity is the abrupt cessation of stupidity." -Edwin Land.

“Creativity is contagious, exceed it on.”-Albert Einstein.

“Creativity is tidings having fun.”- Albert Einstein.

“Imagination is to a greater extent than of import than knowledge.” -Albert Einstein.

“Play is the highest shape of research.”-Albert Einstein.

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