Health and Insurance Information

Maximizing The Learning Abilities


Learning is a procedure of storage of knowledge (knowledge construction process) inwards our memory.  “Learning is a procedure every bit good every bit an outcome” (Zuber-Skerritt1992). Learning is the procedure whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience ( Kolb 1984).Learning is the major procedure of human adaptation. Learning is ‘sense making’. All learners are pregnant makers. Learning is the procedure that underlies together with gives nascency to change. Change is the nipper of learning (Friedlander,1983).  Learning is a cognitive procedure of acquiring novel skills, knowledge together with attitude. Learning is repeated experience, modulated past times attending together with weighted past times emotional relevance. Different people acquire data inwards dissimilar ways. There are 4 requirements of learning: motivation, time, training together with method. All human beings are born alongside an astounding capacity to learn, both inwards amount that tin strength out live learned inwards ane domain together with inwards the multifariousness together with make of what tin strength out live learned. Learning is a multi-step procedure such every bit acquisition, retention together with retrieval. Learning is an ongoing together with never ending process. It begins at the instant of nascency together with continues through an entire lifespan. Learning is the deed of interpreting experience together with the interpretation is based on the individual’s procedure of sense making.
There are 3 stages inwards learning such every bit registering the item, filing the item together with retrieving the item. The learning involves techniques, motives, attitudes together with definitions.
 Learning depends upon priority, intensity together with duration.
There are iv elements that constitute successful learning.  
  1. Wanting – motivation
  2. Doing – practice, case together with error
  3. Feed dorsum – seeing the results; other people’s reactions
  4. Digesting – making sense of it; gaining ownership.
According to holistic learning theory, an private personality consists of many elements such every bit the intellect, emotions, the desire, intuition together with imagination. All require activation, if learning is to live to a greater extent than effective.

Basic views almost learning

Learning is a natural process. The natural vogue of the encephalon is to learn, silent non everyone learns inwards the same way. Learning is a social process. Students acquire best inwards collaboration alongside peers, teachers, parents together with others. Learning is an active process. Learning is an activity inwards which learners participate together with are straight involved. Learners must live actively engaged inwards learning process. Learning tin strength out live either linear or non-linear process. Learning is a reorganization of knowledge structures. Mind is a wonderful parallel or series processor. Learning is integrative together with context –based. Learners themselves come across relations together with brand connections. Teachers tin strength out aid learners to brand connections together with to integrate knowledge. Learning is based on a strength model of educatee abilities, involvement together with culture.  Learning causes a relatively permanent modify inwards the behaviour –attitude, involvement or value.  The modify may live an improvement of a science or process. It may live a modification where one-time knowledge, skills together with abilities or attitudes are adjusted to care alongside novel circumstances.

Characteristics of learning

Pedler (1997) identified 4 dissimilar aspects of learning. Students tin strength out acquire almost things. Students acquire together with sympathise the knowledge. Students tin strength out acquire to do things. Students acquire novel skills, abilities together with competencies. Students tin strength out acquire to accomplish total potential inwards their lives. Students wish personal evolution involving intellectual increase together with science acquisition. Students tin strength out acquire to accomplish things together which Pedler calls collaborative enquiry – to do things together.

Learning- based changes inwards the encephalon

Learning takes house inwards the encephalon inwards 3 major stages:
 Some of the brain's 100 billion nervus cells (neurons) sprout branching fibres (axons together with dendrites). All learning enters through our senses/emotions. This is the kickoff phase of learning. As these neural fibres grow, they build electrically together with chemically activated connections (synapses) alongside other neurons together with communicate, neuron to neuron, at these synapses. The  brain patterns together with constructs mental maps of information. The encephalon actively binds ideas together through neural networking. This 2nd phase of learning is to a greater extent than productive. As this neural increase continues, ever-more neural pathways together with synaptic connections are constructed until in that location is a complex network of connections betwixt many neurons for that detail object of learning. This is complex, high-level together with in-depth learning. According to Jeannett Vosss together with Gordon Dryden inwards their mass ‘the learning revolution’ stated that learning to shop data inwards patterns together with alongside strong associations is in all likelihood the kickoff pace inwards developing our brain’s untapped ability.

Kinds of learners

Researchers together with educators categorised learners into 3 types like lookers, listeners together with movers. The lookers are visual learners who rely on the sense of sight, when absorbing information. Text, diagrams, photograph, charts, graphs together with maps are all tools that assistance visual learning. The listeners are auditory learners alongside a preference for sounds together with words over data taken inwards past times either sight or touch. The movers are tactile (kinaesthetic) learners preferring hands-on learning through both touching on together with movement. It emphasizes the demand to touching on objects together with displace one’s body.

Principles of learning (Svinicki, 1991)

If data is to live learned, it must kickoff live recognized every bit important. During learning, learners deed on data inwards ways that acquire inwards to a greater extent than meaningful past times using examples, images, elaborations together with connections. Learner shop data inwards long – term retentiveness inwards an organized fashion related to their existing agreement of the world. Learners continually cheque understanding, which results inwards refinement together with revision of what is retained. Transfer of learning to novel contexts is non automatic but results from experience to multiple applications. Learning is facilitated, when learners are aware of their learning strategies together with monitor their use.

Categories of learning

Formal learning – takes house inwards educational institutions.
Non – formal learning – takes house exterior together with through the activities of civil society, groups together with organizations.
Informal learning – is a natural accompaniment to everyday life.
Lifelong learning – is learning throughout life either continuously or periodically.
Life broad learning – tin strength out guide maintain house across the total bridge of our lives at whatever ane phase inwards our lives.
Social learning – tin strength out guide maintain house inwards a social setting or context. Social interaction allows learners to relate or mirror their ideas, insights, experiences together with feelings to those of others.

Kinds of learning systems

Natural learning system- the encephalon has natural learning systems such every bit emotive, cognitive, physical, social, together with reflective.
Cognitive learning system – knowledge interprets, stores together with retrieves data via pattern together with pictures. It establishes integrated circuits of knowledge together with skills.
Physical learning system – it gathers data through all senses. It distributes data throughout the encephalon together with the body. It converts inputs into action.
Social learning scheme – it governs interactions together with communications alongside others. Team operate together with squad accomplishment are integral to integrated system.  People plant together inwards pairs or modest groups to solve problems.
Emotional learning system – involves personal pregnant together with its relevance. It accelerates learning.
It empowers or energises or depresses or stifles all other learning systems. It manages a learner’s motivation, deportment together with creativity.
Reflective learning scheme – it weighs past, present, together with hereafter projections. It interprets verbal together with non-verbal cues.  It is a monitoring machinery together with it metacognates information.

Learning tools

Knowledge dissemination tools – are systematic attempts to position together with distribute knowledge together with ideas.
Instructional tools – teaching methods used to part knowledge together with ideas.
Research together with evolution tools – are designed to generate novel discoveries through organized inquiry.
Diagnostic tools are designed to evaluate the learning that takes house inwards a learner.
Learning how to acquire (individual learning) – may live defined every bit the capacity to build knowledge on their own. Learning is an private process. It takes house within an individual’s brain.

Kolb’s Learning cycle

Kolb's four-stage model is a unproblematic description of the learning bike which shows how experience is translated through reflection into concepts, which inwards plough are used every bit guides for active experimentation together with the alternative of novel experiences. Kolb refers to these iv stages as: concrete experience (CE), reflective observation (RO), abstract conceptualization (AC) together with active experimentation (AE).
1. Concrete experience (CE)–having a novel experience of province of affairs or reinterpretation of existing experience.
2. Reflective observation (RO) – reviewing/ reflecting on the experience.
3. Abstract conceptualization(AC) –formation of abstract concepts (analysis)by reflection together with generalization (conclusion)
4. Active experimentation (AE) – planning together with trying out what ane guide maintain learned.

Kolb’s learning style

Diverging (feeling together with watching - CE/RO) -The people alongside diverging abilities are able to await at things from dissimilar perspectives. They prefer to spotter rather than do, tending to get together data together with role imagination to solve problems. They guide maintain broad cultural interests together with similar to get together information. They are interested inwards people, tend to live imaginative together with emotional, together with tend to live strong inwards the arts. They prefer to operate inwards groups, to hear alongside an opened upwardly heed together with to have personal feedback.
Assimilating (watching together with thinking - AC/RO)
People alongside an assimilating learning style are less focused on people together with to a greater extent than interested inwards ideas together with abstract concepts.  They are to a greater extent than attracted to logically audio theories rather than approaches based on practical value. These people are of import for effectiveness inwards data together with scientific discipline careers. In formal learning situations, people alongside this style prefer readings, lectures, exploring analytical models, together with having fourth dimension to think things through.
Converging (doing together with thinking - AC/AE)
People alongside a converging learning style tin strength out solve problems together with they prefer technical tasks. They  are less concerned alongside people together with interpersonal aspects. People alongside this learning style are best at finding practical uses for ideas together with theories. They tin strength out solve problems together with brand decisions past times finding solutions to questions together with problems. People alongside a converging style similar to experiment alongside novel ideas, to simulate, together with to operate alongside practical applications.
Accommodating (doing together with feeling - CE/AE)
The Accommodating learning style is 'hands-on', together with relies on intuition rather than logic. These people role other people's analysis, together with prefer to guide maintain a practical, experiential approach. They are attracted to novel challenges together with experiences, together with to carrying out plans. This learning style is prevalent within the full general population.

Effective learning tips from theories of learning

  1. Learning involves both focused attending together with peripheral perception. People acquire best when solving realistic problems. Learning involves search for pregnant together with patterning. Learning is influenced past times emotions, feelings together with attitudes (Brain-based learning).
  2. Learning is based on neuro-sensation (smell, sight, taste, hearing together with touch) together with occurs inwards stages, steps or levels together with is most effectively stored, recalled together with utilized. Learning is strengthened past times rich sensory, emotive together with kinaesthetic association (Neuro-biological learning theory).
  3. Learning novel knowledge is subject on what is already known. New knowledge gains pregnant when it tin strength out live largely related to a framework of existing knowledge (Meaningful learning theory).
  4. Verbal learning is most effective when accompanied past times visual learning (Dual coding theory).
  5. Learning tin strength out live achieved to a greater extent than every bit a direct participation together with reflection of every 24-hour interval experience (Experiential learning).
  6. Learning is centred merely about the demand to respect a solution to existent work (Action learning)
  7. Learning occurs to a greater extent than when actively searching for data (Discovery learning).
  8. Optimum learning occurs when the charge on the working retentiveness is kept to a minimum to facilitate the changes inwards long term retentiveness (Cognitive charge theory).
  9. A learner is able to role prior knowledge together with experience to interpret the content. New data is compared to existing cognitive structures called schema (Schema theory of learning). Learning is much easier if connections are made betwixt ideas together with facts.
  10. Learning tin strength out live maximised past times learning of dominion –based or data – based categories or exemplars or prototypes. (Category learning).
  11. Learners actively build together with reconstruct knowledge out of their experience inwards the world. Reflection together with metacognition are essential aspects of constructing knowledge together with pregnant (Constructivist learning theory).
  12. If learning is to live effective, it should involve all aspects of an individual’s personality such every bit the intellect, emotions, the desire, intuition together with imagination (Holistic learning theory).
"Our encephalon is best at learning what it needs to learn
  to survive, socially, economically, emotionally together with physically."

"The capacity to acquire is a gift;
  the mightiness to acquire is a skill;
  the willingness to acquire is a choice." -Brian Herbert.

Sumber http://bonvictor.blogspot.com

0 comments:

Post a Comment