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Professional Competencies For Superior Performance

Competencies are specific personal qualities or behaviours that individuals must take away maintain or must acquire to perform effectively at work. Competency consists of knowledge, skills together with personal attributes that touching on an individual’s might to perform. Competencies are internal capabilities that people select to their jobs. Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 competency is the capability to apply or utilisation a laid of related knowledge, skills together with abilities required to successfully perform (applied cognition or the behavioural application of knowledge). According to the Oxford American Dictionary, a individual is competent when he or she is properly qualified or skilled. Competence is the lineament or dry soil of beingness functionally adequate or having sufficient knowledge, forcefulness together with skill. Every undertaking requires dissimilar competencies. Competencies inside dissimilar contexts may require dissimilar bundles of skills, cognition together with attitudes. Competencies are the gauges for undertaking success. Competencies are the behavioural differences betwixt outstanding performers together with average performers together with therefore are the edifice blocks to the organizational success. Toyota’s organizational center competencies prevarication inward achieving excellence through ‘continuous improvement together with waste matter reduction’. Google has determined that innovation is a critical competency for their success. Pixar, a digital animation pic production studio has created ‘culture of creativity’ is their center competency.

Concept of competency

The discussion competency is derived from Latin discussion ‘competere’ which agency ‘to travel suitable.’ The concept of performance competencies was pioneered past times psychologists Robert white together with David McClelland. White (1959) identified a human trait that he labelled ‘competence’ which described those personality characteristics associated amongst superior performance together with high motivation. It was McClelland (1973), a professor of psychology at Harvard University who introduced together with popularized the term ‘competency.’ Competencies tin travel grouped every bit knowledge, skills, self-concepts, motives together with traits (Tucker together with Cofsky 1994). Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 competency is to a greater extent than than but cognition together with skills. It involves the might to come across complex demands past times drawing on together with mobilizing psychosocial sources (including skills together with attitudes) inward a exceptional context. Acquiring a competency is non a one-time event, but rather an ongoing process. Competencies are built over a stream of fourth dimension together with are non inborn. It typically takes experiences on the undertaking to prepare competencies.

Defining competency

1. Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 competency tin travel defined every bit the entirety of knowledge, abilities, skills together with attitudes, which are necessary for an private to piece of work effectively inward exceptional working environment.
2. Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 person’s might or capacity to undertake a exceptional undertaking or undertaking (Sapre 2002).
3. The knowledge, skills together with might required to travel successful inward the undertaking (Simpson, HRSG).

Competency versus competence

Competency is a individual – related concept that refers to the dimensions of conduct lying behind competent performer. Competency is the might to apply cognition together with skills to make a required outcome. It is the might to perform activities inside an occupation; to role every bit expected for job together with the might to make a undertaking nether variety of conditions.  Competence is a piece of work related concept that refers to areas of piece of work at which the individual is competent. Competence is the lineament or dry soil of beingness functionally adequate or having sufficient knowledge, forcefulness together with skills.
Competencies= competency + competence

Components of competency

Skills: capabilities acquired through practice.
Knowledge: understanding acquired through learning.
Personal attributes: inherent characteristics which brought to the job.
Behavior: the observable demonstration of some competency.
Competence inward virtually professions involves the effective implementation of iii primary sets of skills:
1.Cognitive skills – refers to the cognition base of operations of the profession which sets the private apart from others.
2. Technical skills –refers to the specialized together with manipulative techniques essential to the profession.
3. Communication skills –refers to the might to interact effectively amongst clients together with other professionals.
General competencies volition enable individuals, firms together with nations to compete successfully inward the global economic scheme of the 21st century. The workplace competencies include the abilities to deal resources, utilisation information, piece of work amongst others, empathise systems together with utilisation technology. Five competencies virtually commonly flora inward international assessments are critical thinking, job solving, communication, collaboration together with flexibility together with adaptability.

Value of competencies

Competencies are essential for preparation together with success inward employment. Competencies may generic to emerging patterns of piece of work together with piece of work organizations. Competencies equip individuals to participate effectively inward a broad variety of social settings together with adult life.  Competencies involve the integration together with application of cognition together with skills. Goldsmith together with Walt (1999) emphasize the next half dozen  leadership competencies every bit ‘the desired characteristics of the leader of the future’: thinking globally, appreciating cultural diversity, demonstrating technological savvy, edifice partnerships together with sharing leadership.

Competency categories

Core competencies are those characteristics that apply to every fellow member of the scheme regardless of position, role or degree of responsibleness inside the scheme The center competency  is based on the value systems, vision together with mission of the scheme e.g., motivation, trust, job solving, interpersonal skills together with communication. Core competencies demand to travel identified, acquired together with cultivated to shape the strategic architecture of a firm. The scheme has been compared to a tree amongst branches together with roots. Then center competencies take away maintain been compared to roots that render nourishment.
Functional competencies are characteristics shared past times dissimilar positions inside an scheme that belong to a mutual undertaking grouping or occupational menage unit of measurement or employees performing a mutual function. The functional competency is built or together with so key business concern functions similar finance, production together with marketing.
Job-specific competencies are characteristics that apply exclusively to specific positions inside the organization. They built upon the foundation of the organization’s center competencies.  For representative a airplane pilot needs a broad arrive at of skills to wing a plane. Job-specific competencies include functional together with technical competencies.
Core, functional together with undertaking –specific competencies incorporate the architecture of a company’s competency model. Organizations may utilisation competency models every bit a springboard for organizational change. Competency models take away maintain also been uses every bit a guide for employee development.

Dimensions of competency framework

1. Cognitive competence – cognition (know-that) together with agreement (know-why);
2. Functional competences –skills or know-how;
3. Personal competency – behavioural competencies or ‘know how to behave’;
4. Ethical competency – personal together with professional person values; moral maturity;
5. Meta-competencies – might to acquire by amongst uncertainty; learning together with reflection.
Three –dimensional competency framework (KSA=knowledge, skills together with abilities)
1. Cognitive competence –knowledge together with understanding
2. Functional competence – skills
3. Social competence – behavioural together with attitudinal

Mapping competencies

Competency mapping is the procedure of identifying key competencies (technical, managerial, conceptual cognition together with attitudes together with skills etc.) for an scheme together with the jobs together with functions inside it.  Competency mapping involves the procedure past times which nosotros determine: the nature  together with compass of a specific undertaking role, the skills required, the degree of cognition required together with the behavioural capacities required to apply those skills together with cognition inward that role. Competency mapping plays a vital role inward selecting, recruiting together with retaining the correct people.  Individual’s degree of competency inward each science is measured against a performance standard. When the competency required for a exceptional seat is mapped, an accurate undertaking profile is created.
Competency profiling is a technique used to decide the unique laid of competencies associated amongst effective undertaking performance inward a exceptional organization. Competency profiles summarize the knowledge, skills together with abilities required for an opened upward position. The alternative of the best candidate is made easier past times detailed matching of educational background, sense together with preparation to the requirements of the position.
Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 competency dictionary lists all of the competencies that are required past times an scheme to its mandate. It includes the center together with all functional together with job- specific competencies identified throughout the organization. Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 competency lexicon also includes data on the proficiency degree needed to successfully perform each competency for each seat inward the organization.  Identifying job-specific competencies prior to recruitment enables i to decide gauges for success.

Competency modeling

Competency modeling is a undertaking analysis method that identifies the worker competencies feature of high performance. There are iii telephone substitution components to identifying competencies (Weiss together with Kolberg 2003).
1. Select some of the job’s virtually effective performers.
2. Study what these people make that distinguishes them from their less-effective counterparts.
3. Identify the competencies that business concern human relationship for this difference.

Benefits of competencies

  • Competencies contribute to valued outcomes for societies together with individuals;
  • Help individuals come across of import demands inward a broad variety of contexts;
  • Be of import non but for specialists but for all individuals;
  • Identify selection criteria for interviewing potential undertaking candidates;
  • Structure meaningful performance evaluation.

In summary, competencies are specific personal qualities that are casually related to effective and/or superior performance (Boyatzis 1982). Rothwell (2002) explains that center competencies that are required of all workers. This would include knowledge, skills together with abilities (commonly referred to every bit KSAs) every bit good every bit soft skills or behaviours (Lucia together with Lepsinger 1999). Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 competency model is a descriptive tool that identifies the competencies needed to operate inward a specific role inside a(n) job, occupation, scheme or industry. Depending on the piece of work together with organizational environment, a grouping of seven to nine total competencies are normally required of a exceptional undertaking (Shippman et al 2000). Competencies are context – specific (Boyatzis 1982). Some competencies are to a greater extent than of import or essential than others for a position. Competence bridges the gap betwixt didactics together with undertaking requirements. High performance is oftentimes the final result of correct people, correct house together with correct time.
                         Competence is an individual's know how or skill. 



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