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Thinking Differently Alongside Divergent As Well As Convergent Modes

The American psychologist Joy Paul Guilford (1897-1987) introduced the damage divergent in addition to convergent thinking inward 1946.  The divergent in addition to convergent thinking are ii natural forms of thinking (two sides to the same coin) that produces solutions to problems (production type of thinking). “Convergence” refers to thinking that leads to a unmarried right solution. “Divergence” refers to thinking that leads to number of right solutions. Both divergent in addition to convergent thinking are necessary for work solving, conclusion making, inventiveness in addition to innovation. Divergent thinking is used to practice ideas in addition to convergent thinking is used to gauge ideas. Convergent thinking is contrary of divergent thinking. In divergent thinking, 1 thought stimulates many others in addition to the thinking branches or broaden out (multi-directional thinking). In convergent thinking, many thoughts are reduced to a unmarried 1 in addition to the thinking funnels inward (linear thinking). In divergent thinking, a work tin laissez passer on the axe hold out solved alongside dissimilar approaches whereas inward convergent thinking, at that topographic point is 1 reply for whatever given problem. Divergent thinking is generating options without sentence in addition to convergent thinking is judging the options.
Creativity = “diverge earlier y'all converge
Creativity = Divergent thinking (“thinking upwards ideas”) + convergent thinking (“assess the effectiveness of the ideas”) 
Creativity = Generating many ideas + converging on the best idea 
Definitions in addition to explanations
Convergent thinking is the mightiness to apply logic in addition to noesis to narrow downwards the number of possible solutions to a problem. Convergent thinking is to a greater extent than rigorous in addition to analytical in addition to is associated alongside focused attention.  Consideration, improving in addition to fine – tuning of ideas are business office of convergent thinking. Convergent thinking focuses on ‘screening, selecting in addition to evaluating alternatives’ (Puccio et al. 2006). The destination of convergent thinking is to notice the 1 right reply or the best reply of the options available.
Divergent thinking is the mightiness to squall upwards along many paths to generate many solutions to a problem. Brain storming is a typical illustration of divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is essentially open-ended thinking involving non-logical processes which allows using one’s imagination to explore all sorts of novel possibilities. The destination of divergent thinking is to come upwards up alongside many possible solutions, answers or options. Divergent thinking typically occurs inward a spontaneous, free-flowing vogue in addition to many ideas are generated inward a random, unorganized fashion. J.P. Guilford (1950, 1967) described divergent thinking every bit a main method of achieving creative ideas.  
Divergent thinking à thinking outwards—centrifugal movement-- wide focus of attention—less destination bound—gathering various points of view—suspending judgement-- thought generation—creative process.

Convergent thinking à thinking inwards –centripetal movement--narrow focus of attending –more destination saltation -- sorting ideas into categories—exercising sentence – thought analysis—evaluative process.

Convergence in addition to divergence
Convergence agency bringing together in addition to moving toward 1 point. Divergence agency developing inward dissimilar directions. Divergence is a mode of thinking inward which 1 uses the right encephalon to explore ideas or solutions without judging them. In convergence thinking mode 1 uses the left encephalon to analyse ideas in addition to squall upwards them through logically.  Convergence in addition to deviation are ii necessary types of thinking for beingness creative. In whatever work solving province of affairs from the outset to the end, individuals are shifting their thinking modes betwixt deviation in addition to convergence. The mightiness to switch from 1 type of thinking to other is called pivot thinking. Pivot thinking is a cognitive work solving vogue that easily pivots or shifts betwixt divergent or convergent work solution possibilities. One of the commutation indicators of an innovative procedure is the alternation betwixt divergent in addition to convergent thinking modes of thinking alongside frequent pivots betwixt the ii modes. H5N1 “converger” would tend to prefer convergent work solving techniques piece a “diverger” would tend to favour divergent work solving techniques. H5N1 “pivot thinker” would display work solving preferences that easily pivots or shifts betwixt divergent in addition to convergent approaches.
Rules of divergent thinking
H5N1 divergent thinking involves imaging, reframing in addition to seeing issues from dissimilar perspectives. Divergent thinking is complex, associative procedure of bringing alternative, novel, in addition to master copy ideas to emergence. Divergent thinking allows one’s imagination to make variability in addition to encourages the production of multiple answers. It involves thinking laterally, non simply inward or convergent ways.  Divergent thinking commonly occurs inward a spontaneous, free-flowing in addition to non-linear manner. Einstein was a potent divergent thinker. The strategies for encouraging divergent thinking include brainstorming, keeping a journal, free- writing in addition to hear mapping.
1. Expand ideas in addition to defer judgement
2.  Create in addition to select enough of ideas
3.  Combine ideas in addition to consider novelty
4.   Break paradigms in addition to generate foreign ideas.
Commandments of divergent thinking (M.D. Jones)
  1. The to a greater extent than the ideas, the ameliorate – “Quantity breeds quality.”
  2.  Build on other ideas –expand the arrive at of options, perspectives in addition to elements.
  3. Seek wild in addition to odd ideas –wacky ideas incite humor in addition to opened upwards up many paths.
  4.  Don’t evaluate ideas – suspend judgment.  
Forms of divergent production (Paul Torrance 1915-2003)
  1.  Fluency –generating many ideas.
  2. Flexibility – generating dissimilar types of ideas.
  3. Originality – generating novel ideas.
  4.  Elaboration – edifice on in addition to developing ideas.
Rules of convergent thinking
 Convergent thinking processes deed from data, clues or parts of a work to a specific idea. Convergent thinking involves analysis of ideas in addition to synthesis inward to concepts, evaluation in addition to prioritization of concepts. Convergent thinking narrows downwards a large number of ideas through the procedure of analysing, sorting, judging, eliminating in addition to selecting (directed thinking). Convergent thinking emphasizes accuracy, correctness in addition to effectiveness. In convergent thinking, at that topographic point is commonly 1 conclusion or reply that is regarded every bit unique in addition to thinking is channelled or controlled inward the management of that answer. Convergent thinking allows us to purpose our noesis to essay out concepts. Convergent thinking is especially appropriate inward science, maths in addition to technology. Convergent thinking is essentially nigh traditional work solving.
  1. Be systematic in addition to analyse the objectives
  2.  Evaluate the ideas using rules of logic
  3. Use intuition
  4. No prototype breaking in addition to clit a best answer.
Advantages
Convergent in addition to divergent thinking skills are both of import to critical thinking. Convergent in addition to divergent thinking tools are extremely helpful when making decisions. Creative achievement requires a complex combination of both divergent in addition to convergent thinking. In the generation stage, teams or individuals purpose divergent thinking to develop novel ideas. In the application stage, they purpose convergent thinking to brand those ideas useful. Divergent thinking is the wellspring of invention. In academic settings, when a educatee takes a multiple alternative exam, he tries to notice out the right reply from a laid upwards of wrong options. Most grooming inward schools encourages convergent thinking. 
                                      "Diverge earlier y'all converge"
                                       "Not all thinking is the same"

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